Petroleum Refining Training

701-01 Introduction to Petroleum Refining

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and briefly describe various refining processes that take place in a typical petroleum refinery.

  • Explain what is meant by crude oil
  • Describe the purpose of each of the following processes:
    • Crude oil desalting
    • Atmospheric distillation
    • Vacuum distillation
    • Catalytic reforming
    • Cracking
    • Alkylation
    • Isomerization
    • Polymerization
  • Discuss refinery treating processes
  • Identify the function of a gas plant
  • Explain the importance of refinery blending operations
  • List substances often stored in the refinery tank farm

701-02 Basic Petroleum Chemistry

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the molecular structure, physical properties, naming conventions, and commercial uses of several common hydrocarbons.

  • Compare the definitions of petroleum and crude oil
  • Relate the physical states of hydrocarbons to their carbon content
  • Discuss how covalent bonds are formed between hydrogen and carbon
  • Explain the use of base names, prefixes, and suffixes to label hydrocarbons
  • Describe and compare the structure of the following hydrocarbon families:
    • Paraffins
    • Napthenes
    • Aromatics
    • Olefins
    • Alkynes
  • Identify correlations between physical properties of a hydrocarbon and the hydrocarbon’s molecular structure
  • List some contaminants commonly found in crude oil and explain their adverse effects on oil refining

701-03 OSHA’s Process Safety Management Standard

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the main components and explain the objectives of the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard.

  • Discuss the purpose of the PSM standard
  • Describe the type of process safety information required under the PSM standard
  • List the points included in a process hazard analysis
  • Identify the types of operating procedures that fall under the PSM standard requirements
  • Discuss the training requirements under PSM standard
  • Describe how the PSM standard relates to contractors
  • Identify what is included in a PSM pre-start-up safety review
  • Describe requirements to comply with PSM mechanical integrity standards
  • Explain what is meant by management of change procedures under PSM
  • Describe PSM incident investigation and emergency planning and response provisions
  • Discuss PSM compliance audit requirements

701-04 History of Refining

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to provide a general overview of the evolution of crude oil processing from 1846 until the present day.

  • Explain how and why kerosene replaced whale oil
  • Discuss causes of the emergence of the gasoline market
  • Describe how the CAA Amendments of 1970 affected refining processes
  • Identify some effects of oil industry deregulation
  • Discuss the effects of the vapor pressure regulations of 1989 and 1992
  • Describe how the CAA Amendments of 1990 affected refining processes